used in conjunction with traditional genealogy, DNA testing is now an
essential tool for genealogists to help in confirming (or disproving)
their genealogy. Each of the four types of DNA testing offers a
unique insight into a different aspect of your family history:
for males only, traces your paternal line back for hundreds, even
thousands of years. It is the first choice to determine whether a man
shares a common male ancestor with someone else.
for everyone, traces the maternal line but is not as useful for
genealogical purposes because mutations occur much more slowly than
in Y-DNA. Therefore, your “match” could be to someone who lived
many hundreds, even thousands of years ago, beyond any paper trails.
for everyone, helps to connect cousins to the 4th
degree and sometimes even more distant. This test is offered by
Ancestry, 23andMe and Family Tree DNA.
latest product offerings place you on the universal tree of
humankind, grouping you with others who traveled a similar migratory
path out of Africa and into specific geographic locales in Europe or
elsewhere. This has not been useful for genealogy but rather for
population and anthropological studies. The Big Y from Family Tree
DNA is one of these that seeks to bring these test findings to bear
on finding break points (mutations) that define sub-lineages in the
determine which test to order, see
To determine which company to use, you can check the comparison
charts at http://www.isogg.org/wiki/Wiki_Welcome_Page.
The Worden DNA Project has chosen to use FTDNA for its superior range
of products and focus on genealogy:
the ever-increasing importance of DNA testing in any genealogical
pursuit, the Worden Family Association Board has adopted the
following set of guidelines.
Worden male, or at least the oldest male in a family, is encouraged
to have at least the basic 12-marker Y-DNA test. Because DNA testing
of many male descendants has established the Y-DNA signature of Dr.
Samuel Worden b. 1646, the results of this test can prove, with 99
percent certainty, that he descends from Dr. Samuel Worden b. 1646 or
from his ancestor. If his results do not match the DNA signature that
has been established for Dr. Samuel Worden and his Worden ancestors,
then he either descends from an unrelated Worden ancestor or a
nonpaternal event such as an adoption has occurred at some point in
his lineage. Further testing beyond 12 markers should eventually
determine where line breaks have occurred. For example, for many
Worden descendants the paper trail ends in the 1700s or even later.
By determining via DNA testing from which son of Dr. Samuel they
descend, they would then be able to narrow their research to that
further this goal, a special fund has been established. Of course it
is expected that those who have an interest in a particular
individual’s DNA test results – whether that is the person to be
tested, a relative or the family genealogist – will normally pay
for the testing itself. Grants will be considered only for those who
cannot afford to pay. The Bill and Pat Worden Fund will help pay for
these tests through grants (see Grant Application below), as
that the Association has a clear and strong interest in the results
of DNA testing as they pertain to Worden family genealogy, everyone
who has tested or will test in the future will be asked to agree to
Because the science of DNA
testing is in its infancy and new tests are likely to be made
available in the future, I authorize the Worden Family Association to
order additional testing of the DNA sample that is currently held by
Family Tree DNA (FTDNA). Upgrades may be paid for by
myself, my relatives, the Association or individual Association
members. The DNA sample itself will be held by FTDNA according to its
own policy. This approval can be rescinded at any time by me by
notifying the Association in writing and reimbursing the Association
for this grant.
to the Grant Application.